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Geleneksel Havalandırma Bacası Terminolojisine Yönelik Bir Değerlendirme

Year 2023, Volume: 11 Issue: 2, 163 - 180, 31.08.2023
https://doi.org/10.51664/artium.1286734

Abstract

Soğutma ihtiyacının fazla olduğu sıcak-kuru iklim bölgelerinde tercih edilen ve bazı bölgeler için geleneksel mimari kimliğin başat unsuru olarak öne çıkan yüksekliğe bağlı sıcaklık farkı ya da rüzgâr basınç kaynaklı dinamiklerin etkisiyle iç ortam soğutma, havalandırma ve nemlendirme amaçlı kurgulanmış, havalandırma bacalarının ulusal ve uluslararası literatürde farklı isimlerle tanımlandığı görülmektedir. Havalandırma bacaları, İran ve Mısır kaynaklı badgir (baudgeers) ve malkaf (malqaf), yapılan farklı çalışmalarda rüzgâr kulesi (wind tower), rüzgâr yakalayıcı (wind catcher), rüzgâr bacası (wind chimney), rüzgâr kepçesi (wind scoop) isimlerini almaktadır. Bölgesel farklılıklar ve çalışma prensiplerinin çeşitlenmesi nedeniyle türetilmiş olması muhtemel bu tanımlamaların karşılık geldiği havalandırma baca sisteminin belirlenmesi ve çalışma prensiplerinin değerlendirilmesi literatürde bu çerçevedeki kavram karışıklığını önlemek adına katkı sunabilecektir. Bu çalışma kapsamında ulusal ve uluslararası literatür çalışmaları üzerinden havalandırma bacalarının geçmişten günümüze form, çalışma prensibi değişimi ve isim farklılaşmasının dayandığı ilkelerin değerlendirilmesi ve bu bağlamda bir sınıflandırma oluşturulması hedeflenmiştir.

References

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  • Abdallah Ali, A.A. & Kurtay, C. (2021). Performance of the wind catcher in hot dry regions, Khartoum - Sudan. Gazi University Journal of Science Part B: Art, Humanities, Design and Planning, 9 (1), 29-41.
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  • Chenari, B., Carrilho, J.D. & Gameiro da Silva, M. (2016). Towards sustainable, energy-efficient and healthy ventilation strategies in buildings: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 59, 1426-1447. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.01.074
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  • Dehnavi, M., Hossein Ghadiri, M., Mohammadi, H. & Ghadiri, H. (2012). Study of wind catchers square plan: ınfluence of phisical parameters. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, 2 (1), 559-564.
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An Evaluation of Traditional Ventilation Chimney Terminology

Year 2023, Volume: 11 Issue: 2, 163 - 180, 31.08.2023
https://doi.org/10.51664/artium.1286734

Abstract

Ventilation chimneys, the primary factor of traditional architectural identity, and designed for cooling, ventilation, and moistening indoors by heat difference depending on height or dynamics resulting from wind pressure in hot-dry climates required for cooling are mentioned with various names in the literature. In different studies, ventilation chimneys, named badgir (baudgeers) and malkaf (malqaf) originating from Iran and Egypt have been named wind towers, windcatchers, wind chimneys, and wind scoops. Determining the ventilation chimney system corresponding to these definitions, which are likely to be derived due to regional differences and the diversification of working principles, and evaluating their working principles will contribute to preventing conceptual confusion in this framework in the literature. This study aims to evaluate the principles of the form, working principles change, and name differentiation of ventilation chimneys from past to present through national and international literature studies and to create a classification in this context.

References

  • Abdallah Ali, A. A. (2021). The impact of using the wind catcher as a sustainable passive cooling technique in traditional house (Sudan-Khartoum). Doktora Tezi, Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Abdallah Ali, A.A. & Kurtay, C. (2021). Performance of the wind catcher in hot dry regions, Khartoum - Sudan. Gazi University Journal of Science Part B: Art, Humanities, Design and Planning, 9 (1), 29-41.
  • Afshin, M., Sohankar, A., Dehghan Manshadi, M., Kazemi Esfeh, M. (2016). An experimental study on the evaluation of natural ventilation performance of a two-sided wind-catcher for various wind angles. Renewable Energy, 85, 1068-1078. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2015.07.036
  • Ahmadikia, H., Moradi, A. & Hojjati M. (2012). Performance analysis of a wind-catcher with water spray. International Journal of Green Energy, 9 (2), 160-173. doi: 10.1080/15435075.2011.622019
  • Algburi, O.H.F. (2018). An energy simulation study: reducing cooling energy of residential buildings based on vernacular architecture and passive cooling techniques. Doktora Tezi, Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Allard, F. (2002). Natural ventilation in building: a design handbook (2. Baskı). Londra: James & James (Science Publishers) Ltd.
  • Allard, F., Ghiaus, C. (2005). Natural ventilation in the urban environment (1. Baskı). Bath: Bath Press.
  • Ali, C. & Özer, Y. S. (2012). Sıcak iklimlerde bina içi iklimlendirme için geleneksel bir sistem: Rüzgâr bacaları. Tesisat Mühendisliği, 127, 31-35.
  • Al-Megren, K.A. (1987). Wind towers for passive ventilation cooling in hot-arid regions. Doktora Tezi, The University of Michigan, Michigan.
  • Al-Shaali, R.K. (2006). Tools for natural ventilation in architecture. Doktora Tezi, University of California, California.
  • Asfour, O.S.M. (2006). Ventilation characteristics of buildings ıncorporating different configurations of curved roofs and wind catchers. Doktora Tezi, University of Nottingham Institute of Architecture, Nottingham.
  • Bahadori, M.N. (1978). Passive cooling systems in Iranian architecture. Scientific American, 238 (2), 144-154. doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican0278-144
  • Bahadori, M.N. (1979). N atural cooling in hot arid regions. Solar Energy Application in Buildings, 195-225. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-620860-3.50015-1
  • Bahadori, M. N. (1994). Viability of wind towers in achieving summer comfort in the hot arid regions of the Middle East. Renewable Energy, 5 (5-8), 879-892. doi: 10.1016/0960-1481(94)90108-2
  • Bahadori, M.N., Dehghani-sanij, A., Sayigh, A. (2014). Wind towers (1. Baskı). New York: Springer.
  • Bekleyen, A. & Melikoğlu, Y. (2019). Antik rüzgâr yakalayıcıların Anadolu’daki örnekleri: Şanlıurfa’nın badgelleri. Art-Sanat, 12, 109-128. doi: 10.26650/artsanat.2019.12.0007
  • Calautit, J. K. S. (2013). Integration and application of passive cooling within a wind tower. Doktora Tezi, The University of Leeds School of Civil Engineering, Leeds.
  • Chenari, B., Carrilho, J.D. & Gameiro da Silva, M. (2016). Towards sustainable, energy-efficient and healthy ventilation strategies in buildings: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 59, 1426-1447. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.01.074
  • Çakmanus, İ., (2005), Doğal Havalandırma Sistemleri ve Seçim Kriterleri. 20 Nisan 2023 tarihinde Termodinamik: https://www.termodinamik.info/teknik/dogal-havalandirma-sistemleri-ve-secim-kriterleri adresinden alındı.
  • Dehghani-sanij, A.R., Soltani, M. & Raahemifar, K. (2015). A new design of wind tower for passive ventilation in buildings to reduce energy consumption in windy regions. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 42, 182-195. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.10.018
  • Dehnavi, M., Hossein Ghadiri, M., Mohammadi, H. & Ghadiri, H. (2012). Study of wind catchers square plan: ınfluence of phisical parameters. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, 2 (1), 559-564.
  • El-Shorbagy, A. (2010). Design with nature: Windcatcher as a paradigm of natural ventilation device in buildings. International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering IJCEE-IJENS, 10, 21-26.
  • Elzaidabi, A.A.M. (2008). Low energy, wind catcher assisted ındirect- evaporative cooling system for building applications. Doktora Tezi, University of Nottingham, Nottingham.
  • Fardeheb, F. (Eds). (2007). Examination and review of passive solar cooling strategies in MiddleEastern and North African vernacular architecture: Vol. 1-5. Proceedings of ISES World Congress 2007. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-75997-3_508.
  • Fathy, H. (1973). Architecture for the poor an experiment in rural Egypt (1. Baskı). Londra: The University of Chicago Press Ltd.
  • Foruzanmehr, A. (2012). The wind-catcher: Users’ perception of a vernacular passive cooling system. Architectural Science Review, 55 (4), 250-258. doi: 10.1080/00038628.2012.722070
  • Foruzanmehr, A. (2018). Thermal comfort in hot dry climates traditional dwellings in Iran (1. Baskı). New York: Routledge.
  • Ghadiri, M., Lukman, N., Nik Ibrahim, N.L. & Aayani, R. (2011). The effect of wind catcher geometry on the indoor thermal behavior. 45th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association, Sidney, Avustralya, 14-16 Kasım 2011, 1-11.
  • Ghaemmaghami, P.S. & Mahmoudi, M. (2005). Wind Tower A natural cooling system in Iranian traditional architecture, International Conference Passive and Low Energy Cooling for the Built Environment, Santorini, Greece, 26-27-28 May 2005, 71-76.
  • Goudarzi, H., Mostafaeipour, A. (2017). Energy saving evaluation of passive systems for residential buildings in hot and dry regions. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 68, 432-446. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.10.002
  • Grosso, M. & Ahmadi, M. (2016). Potential cooling energy reduction by a one-channel wind tower: Case study modelling in South-Mediterranean climate. International Journal of Ventilation, 15, 267-287. doi: 10.1080/14733315.2016.1214397
  • Gut, P., Ackerknecht, D. (1993). Climate responsive building (1. Baskı). Gallen: Skat. Habıbzadeh, A. (2018). Konut yapılarında doğal havalandırmanın önemi ve badgir bağlamında günümüz koşullarında değerlendirilmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Hosseini, S.H., Shokry, E., Ahmadian Hosseini, A.J., Ahmadi, G. & J.K. (2016). Evaluation of airflow and thermal comfort in buildings ventilated with wind catchers: Simulation of conditions in Yazd city, Iran. Energy for Sustainable Development, 35, 7-24. doi: 10.1016/j.esd.2016.09.005
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Architecture
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Zeynep ÖRGEV
KOCAELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MİMARLIK VE TASARIM FAKÜLTESİ, MİMARLIK BÖLÜMÜ, MİMARLIK PR.
0009-0006-3266-3564
Türkiye


Neslihan TÜRKMENOĞLU BAYRAKTAR
KOCAELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MİMARLIK VE TASARIM FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-0059-5721
Türkiye

Publication Date August 31, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 11 Issue: 2

Cite

APA Örgev, Z. & Türkmenoğlu Bayraktar, N. (2023). Geleneksel Havalandırma Bacası Terminolojisine Yönelik Bir Değerlendirme . Artium , 11 (2) , 163-180 . DOI: 10.51664/artium.1286734

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